Department of Science and Technology, Government of India
India is one of the top-ranking countries in the field of basic research. Indian Science has come to be regarded as one of the most powerful instruments of growth and development, especially in the emerging scenario and competitive economy. In the wake of the recent developments and the new demands that are being placed on the S&T system, it is necessary for us to embark on some major science projects which have relevance to national needs, and which will also be relevant for tomorrow’s technology. The Department of Science & Technology plays a pivotal role in promotion of science & technology in the country. The department has wide ranging activities ranging from promoting high-end basic research and development of cutting-edge technologies on one hand to service the technological requirements of the common man through development of appropriate skills and technologies on the other.
The National Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB), established in 1982 by the Government of India under the aegis of Department of Science & Technology, is an institutional mechanism to help promote knowledge driven and technology intensive enterprises. The Board, having representations from socio-economic and scientific Ministries/Departments, aims to convert “job-seekers” into “job-generators” through Science & Technology (S&T) interventions.
To promote and develop high-end entrepreneurship for S&T manpower as well as self-employment by utilising S&T infrastructure and by using S&T methods.
To facilitate and conduct various informational services relating to promotion of entrepreneurship.
To network agencies of the support system, academic institutions and Research & Development (R&D) organisations to foster entrepreneurship and self-employing using S&T with special focus on backward areas as well.
To act as a policy advisory body with regard to entrepreneurship.
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry is the rallying point for free enterprises in India. It has empowered Indian businesses, in the changing times, to shore up their competitiveness and enhance their global reach.
With a nationwide membership of over 1500 corporates and over 500 chambers of commerce and business associations, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry espouses the shared vision of Indian businesses and speaks directly and indirectly for over 2,50,000 business units. It has an expanding direct membership of enterprises drawn from large, medium, small and tiny segments of manufacturing, distributive trade and services. Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry maintains the lead as the proactive business solution provider through research, interactions at the highest political level and global networking. In the knowledge-driven globalized economy, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry stands for quality, competitiveness, transparency, accountability and business-government-civil society partnership to spread ethics-based business practices and to enhance the quality of life of the common people.
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry reach is not restricted or dominated by large business houses. We provide service and support to all cross section of industry and trade irrespective of their size. In fact, we have a separate Committee, which handles the specific issues relating to small and medium sector in India. By definition, the small and medium sector in India is possibly equivalent to the “tiny sector” that you have in the US. We are closely associated with the Indian SME’s as we invite them on delegations to help provide them international linkages with industry clusters abroad. Our membership structure also provides us direct as well as indirect linkages with the SME’s all over the country.
Ministry of Innovation and Technology, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
The Ministry of Science and Technology is a governmental institution that was first established for the first time in December 1975 by proclamation No.62/1975 as a Commission. Following the change in government in 1991 and with the issuance of the new economic policy, the Commission was re-established in March 1994 by Proclamation No.91/94. The Commission went into its 3rd phase of re-institution on the 24th of August 1995 as an Agency by Proclamation No.7/1995. In 2008, by the proclamation No. 604/2008 the Government upgraded the Agency as a Cabinet Ministry accountable to the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. The Ministry was re-established recently in October 2010 according to definition of powers and duties of the executive organs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia proclamation No. 691/2010. The Ministry is now knowing as the Ministry of Innovation and Technology.
Power and Duties
The Ministry of Information and Technology shall have the following powers and duties according to definition of powers and duties of the executive organs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia proclamation No. 691/2010:-
1. Prepare national science and technology research and development programs based on the country’s development priorities, and upon approval by the government, provide necessary support for their implementation; follow up and evaluate the same;
2. In cooperation with the concerned bodies, establish a system for technology need assessment, identification, acquisition, packaging, utilization and disposal, and follow up the implementation of the same;
3. Register technology transfers made in every sector, coordinate codification and technology capability accumulation efforts, and ensure successive use of same;
4. Coordinate science and technology development activities and national research programs; ensure that research activities are conducted in line with the country’s development needs;
5. Organize science, technology and innovation database, compile information, set national standards for information management, prepare and ensure the application of science and technology innovation indicators;
6. Facilitate interaction and collaboration among government and private higher education and research institutions and industries with a view to ensure research and technological development;
7. Prepare and follow up the implementation of the country’s long–term human resource development plans in the field of science, technology and innovation; cooperate with the concerned organs to ensure that the country’s educational curricula focus on development of science and technology;
8. Facilitate capacity building of public and private sector institutions and professionals involved in science and technological activities;
9. Establish and implement a system for granting prizes and incentives to individuals and institutions who have contributed to the advancement of science, technology and innovations;
10. Establish, coordinate and support councils that facilitate the coordination of research activities;
11. Encourage and support professional associations and academies that may contribute to the development of science and technology.